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Download e-book for kindle: Animal Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Mechanisms, by Mark Ridley

By Mark Ridley

ISBN-10: 0865423903

ISBN-13: 9780865423909

ISBN-10: 1444313800

ISBN-13: 9781444313802

This vintage textbook is a concise introductory consultant to the topic of animal habit. The publication is geared up via first construction the four-cornered foundations of the topic, then relocating better. In a very well-organized development, the scholar is bring about an figuring out of the basic issues, defined in logical self-contained devices. each one bankruptcy ends with feedback for extra examining. during this moment variation, the insurance of mechanisms of habit is far extended, as is the fabric on evolution and usual choice. The bankruptcy on improvement comprises a lot of the hot paintings on studying and reminiscence, in particular song-learning in birds. certainly through the booklet, examples are drawn from fresh ground-breaking study.

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Extra resources for Animal Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Mechanisms, Development, and Ecology

Example text

Lorenz observed the pattern of courtship and other kinds of social behavior in 20 species of ducks and geese. He divided the behavioral repertory of each species into behavioral units. Some of the habits are only found in a few species, but others, such as "monosyllabic lost piping" (a distress call of the chicks), were found in all species. 4 illustrates how the same unit may be recognized in different species: the teal, gadwall, and mallard, tor example, all perform a similar sequence of movements (and sounds) that Lorenz calls the "grunt-whistle" display.

The ancestral gull chick already had eyes and the perceptual ability to recognize a cliff edge, even though that sensory perception did not stimulate it to behave in a special way. Moreover, the ancestral gull chick already had legs and a locomotory system that enabled it to turn around and retreat, even though it did not particularly tend to do this when its visual system perceived a cliff edge. 7 A kittiwake chick on an experimental apparatus designed to test the chick's cliff edge avoidance response.

The small graded depolarization has to diffuse to this region before it can have an important effect, and if the distance is longer, the neuron is less likely to respond: the small depolarization will have decayed away before it reaches the special membrane. Alternatively, the properties of the cell membrane in the synapse may vary to make the graded postsynaptic depolarization more or less easily propagated. The neuron forms synapses with prior neurons through a branch like network of "dendrites," and by having branches of different lengths (or rate of conduction) to different presynaptic neurons, it can tune how quickly it responds to each of them.

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Animal Behavior: An Introduction to Behavioral Mechanisms, Development, and Ecology by Mark Ridley


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