By George W. Harris
What different types of folks will we aspire to be, and the way do our aspirations healthy with our principles of rationality? In Agent-Centered Morality, George Harris argues that almost all people aspire to a definite kind of integrity: we want to be respectful of and sympathetic to others, and to be loving mom and dad, acquaintances, and individuals of our groups. opposed to a triumphing Kantian consensus, Harris deals an Aristotelian view of the issues offered via useful cause, difficulties of integrating all our matters right into a coherent, significant existence in a fashion that preserves our integrity. the duty of fixing those difficulties is "the integration test."Systematically addressing the paintings of significant Kantian thinkers, Harris indicates that even the main complex modern models of the Kantian view fail to combine the entire values that correspond to what we name an ethical lifestyles. by way of demonstrating how the that means of lifestyles and useful cause are internally similar, he constructs from Aristotle's proposal a conceptual scheme that effectively integrates the entire features that make a existence significant, with no jeopardizing where of any. Harris's elucidation of this method is a huge contribution to debates on human company, functional cause, and morality.
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Extra info for Agent-Centered Morality: An Aristotelian Alternative to Kantian Internalism
This would be true if impartiality and respect do not have the kind of role in the procedure one would expect on a Kantian view. On the other hand, if she defines the procedure independent of its ability to pass such a test and then it fails the test for large numbers of apparently rational humans, she has to say that they are not rational beings, which would reveal that the test is superfluous. And she would have to say this regarding any form of practical consciousness in which impartial respect is regulated by some other norm, partial or impartial.
48 ― view, moral rationality comes to acting on our deepest values, and the evidence that we have so acted is in principle provided by a moral theory that achieves maximal coherence in explaining what our deepest values are. And methodologically, even if the CI procedure were to result in reflective equilibrium, there would be no necessity in this fact. It would simply be a function of a contingent fact about our psychology. Hence the constructivist methodology is committed to a conception of rational agency that can be empirically studied.
How is the integration test to be administered? Kantian internalism is committed to the thesis that the CI procedure can motivate, which means that the CI procedure has a content and a function. To test this claim we need first some idea of what that content is, and then we need to put that content to a test to see if it can serve its designed function. That test is the integration test: Can the CI procedure serve the role of the integrative function of human consciousness in a way that preserves the elements of integrity for human beings of the sort reflected in the thick conception of integrity?
Agent-Centered Morality: An Aristotelian Alternative to Kantian Internalism by George W. Harris