By Paul Feyerabend
Smooth philosophy of technological know-how has paid nice awareness to the certainty of clinical 'practice', not like focus on clinical 'method'. Paul Feyerabend's acclaimed paintings, which has contributed drastically to this new emphasis, indicates the deficiencies of a few frequent rules concerning the nature of data. He argues that the single possible factors of clinical successes are old causes, and that anarchism needs to now change rationalism within the idea of information. The 3rd version of this vintage textual content features a new preface and extra reflections at a number of issues within which the writer takes account either one of fresh debates on technology and at the effect of clinical items and practices at the human neighborhood. whereas disavowing populism or relativism, Feyerabend maintains to insist that the voice of the inexpert has to be heard. hence many environmental perils have been first pointed out by means of non-experts opposed to winning assumptions within the clinical group. Feyerabend's not easy reassessment of medical claims and understandings are as stinky and well timed as ever.
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Additional resources for Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge
2 For example, we may use hypotheses that contradia well-confirmed theories and/or well-established experimental results. We may advance science by proceeding counterinduaive/y. Examining the principle in concrete detail means tracing the consequences of 'counterrules' which oppose familiar rules of the scientific enterprise. To see how this works, let us consider the rule that it is 'experience', or the 'facts', or 'experimental results' which measure the success of our theories, that agreement between a theory and the 'data' favours the theory (or leaves the situation unchanged) while disagreement endangers it, and perhaps even forces us to eliminate it.
E. on its empirical failures and its theoretical •n�dequacy. See also the next quotation and footnote. ing, by difficulties serious enough to provide material for refutation. 4 Even quite recently and in the non-relativistic domain it could be said that there 'exist numerous discrepancies between observation and theory'. 5 Bohr's atomic model was introduced, and retained, in the face of precise and unshakeable contrary evidence. C. ' The 'most important argument' and Galileo's resolution are discussed in Chapters 9 and 10.
Truesdell, 'A Program Toward Rediscovering the Rational Mechanics of the Age of Reason , Archivesfor the History ofExact Sciences, Vol. 1 , p. 1 4. ' 26 A GA I N S T METHOD way. Textbooks must b e rewritten, university curricula readjusted, experimental results reinterpreted. And what will be the result of all the effort? Another theory which from an empirical standpoint has no advantage whatsoever over and above the theory it replaces. The only real improvement, so the defender of the consistency condition will continue, derives from the addition of new facts.
Against Method: Outline of an Anarchistic Theory of Knowledge by Paul Feyerabend