By Eric Freedman, Richard Shafer
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Extra resources for After the Czars and Commissars: Journalism in Authoritarian Post-Soviet Central Asia
GIZh Professor and newspaper editor Aleksandr Kurs, for instance, argued that because information is the essence of a newspaper, reporting should be the emphasis of training. Another GIZh professor, Levidov, bravely used the forum to criticize the poor quality of Soviet journalism, urging students to master the “universal techniques” of newspaper journalism. Some Soviet journalism educators even advocated sending students abroad to study. Such faculty, however, were sharply criticized for upholding the bourgeois press as a model to emulate.
In the end, it proved easy for the government to deprive the DCK of the media holdings that its leaders had quietly purchased in the period leading up to the movement’s establishment. 29 The station later lost its license for violating the law on languages, which requires that 50 percent of broadcasting must be in Kazakh. The Irbis station, closely associated with Zhakiyanov, was taken over by the Eurasia Group; other stations were sold at the last minute to protect them from being shut down, becoming government property, or falling to rival ﬁnancial-industrial groups.
By 1927, journalism applicants needed at least three years’ T H E P O ST I N D E P E N D E N C E P R E SS 25 experience as physical laborers or work experience in industry or agriculture. By the late 1920s, a press corps dominated by non-proletarians and non-peasants predominated; only editors had to belong to the party. Lenoe (2004) says that the mobilization of journalists during a campaign to encourage frugality and lessen consumption among the mass of Soviet citizens involved sending reporters into factories with the mission to help organize production.
After the Czars and Commissars: Journalism in Authoritarian Post-Soviet Central Asia by Eric Freedman, Richard Shafer