By Andrew Cox
The focal point of the booklet is a dialogue of the adversary foundation of get together politics in Britain and its inimical impression on attainable land guidelines because the moment international warfare. specific emphasis is put on the scope for, and foundation of coverage initiation by way of Conservative and Labour governments within the face of the cumulative social, financial, bureaucratic and political constraints which impinge at the policy-making approach. Dr Cox argues that those constraints go away just a really restricted room for manoeuvres through governments and that the majority of the post-war rules of Conservative and Labour governments were initiated in lack of expertise of those constraints. in this case, post-war regulations have failed in implementation both by means of producing estate hypothesis or via hindering city improvement.
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Additional resources for Adversary Politics and Land: The Conflict Over Land and Property Policy in Post-War Britain
However, the land taxes imposed under those measures yielded very little, and were repealed by 1920. l8 The most successful increase in state activities came in Liberal moves to extend betterment collection when it was attributable to state actions, and also to give local authorities powers to commence regulatory planning of changes in land use. During the nineteenth century local authorities had been given statutory obligations, and compulsory purchase powers, to provide for the well-being of their indigenous populations,19 but had been forced to pay market value compensation for any land purchased and were unable to recoup any betterment that might arise from their improvement schemes.
Unfortunately, if every owner who is refused planning permission, or whose land suffers worsenment, had his claims met in full, then the total sum that the state would have to pay would be far in excess of the real value of development that would take place, or had taken place. 12 The issue therefore becomes one of allowing for state purchase and planning, while being fair to owners and at the same time avoiding unnecessary expense. The problems are exacerbated when the state comes to control all land use planning, as has been the case in Britain since 1947.
Nevertheless, while on the surface it would 42 The problem and limits on policy initiation appear that there was substantial all-party agreement on this policy approach, there were still major areas of disagreement. The Labour members of the government, in particular Ernest Bevin (at the Ministry of Labour), were unhappy that outright land nationalisation was not being agreed upon. 57 Anderson, a Conservative (at the Treasury), felt that landowners who had improved their land since 31st March 1939 should be compensated for this.
Adversary Politics and Land: The Conflict Over Land and Property Policy in Post-War Britain by Andrew Cox