By Robert J. Alexander
Bolivia was once the heart degree for the most vital Latin American social revolutions of the 20th century, person who happened amid a sea of super political instability. the growth of geared up exertions that happened in the course of the Nineteen Twenties was once met with a number of executive reprisals and used to be principally curbed through the Chaco conflict with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being forced to function illegally, the hard work flow discovered aid in different political events, the main profitable of which used to be the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the extraordinary upheavals which punctuated Bolivian historical past throughout the 20th century, Alexander lines the relative successes of Bolivia's exertions unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the beautiful heritage of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Bolivia used to be the heart level for some of the most very important Latin American social revolutions of the 20th century, person who happened amid a sea of super political instability. the growth of geared up hard work that happened through the Nineteen Twenties was once met with quite a few executive reprisals and used to be mostly curbed through the Chaco warfare with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being pressured to function illegally, the exertions move discovered help in different political events, the main profitable of which was once the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the amazing upheavals which punctuated Bolivian heritage throughout the 20th century, Alexander lines the relative successes of Bolivia's exertions unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the beautiful heritage of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Alexander explains how the exertions circulate developed within the framework of numerous political adjustments, together with: the short presidency of significant Gualberto Villarroel which begun in December 1943 and lasted simply and a part years; the Bolivian nationwide Revolution which all started on April nine, 1952; the onset of agrarian reform in 1952; the overthrow of the progressive regime in November 1964
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Additional resources for A History of Organized Labor in Bolivia
5 4 However, it w a s not until the closing m o n t h s of World War I t h a t it is clear t h a t the workers of the mines generally began to organize and m a k e d e m a n d s on their employers. " This angered the workers, who sacked t h e company stores near t h e mine, whereupon a "white guard" w a s organized by the company manager, Maximo Nava, a n d w a s armed with the pistols a n d carbines. They were met by miners using dynamite a s their principal weapon. The conflict lasted two days a n d w a s suppressed only when the government sent in infantry troops to support the company.
3. , pages 3 2 2 - 3 5 0 ; see also Trifonio Delgado Gonzales, 100 Anos de Lucha Obrera en Bolivia, Ediciones Isla, La Paz, 1984, pages 2 3 - 3 0 . 4. Lora, op. c i t , pages 4 0 5 - 4 1 7 ; Gonzales, op. c i t , pages 3 0 - 5 3 . 5. Gonzales, op. c i t , pages 6 1 - 6 2 . 6. Lora, op. c i t , pages 4 1 7 - 4 3 3 . 7. Guillermo Lora, Historia del Movimiento Obrera Boliviano 1900- 1923, Editorial "Los Amigos del Libro," La Paz, 1969, page 2 9 . 8. , page 30. 9. , page 32. 10. , page 3 3 . 11. , page 39.
Page 173. 2 1 . , page 175. 22. , page 2 4 1 . 2 3 . , page 2 4 8 . 24. , pages 2 4 5 - 2 4 6 . 2 5 . , page 2 5 3 . 26. , page 2 8 7 . 2 7 . , page 292. 2 8 . , pages 2 8 7 - 2 9 8 for more details about the FOT of Oruro. 29. , pages 3 2 6 for more information on the C o c h a b a m b a labor federation. 30. , pages 3 3 5 - 3 3 6 . 3 1 . , pages 143-149. 32. , pages 1 5 0 - 1 5 1 . 3 3 . , page 151. 34. , page 153. 35. , page 156. 36. , page 160. 3 7 . , page 46. 3 8 . , page 5 3 . 39. , pages 5 1 - 5 2 .
A History of Organized Labor in Bolivia by Robert J. Alexander