By Elizabeth Endicott
An illustrated background of the pastoral nomadic lifestyle in Mongolia, this ebook examines the numerous demanding situations that Mongolian herders proceed to stand within the fight over traditional assets within the post-socialist loose marketplace period.
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Additional resources for A History of Land Use in Mongolia: The Thirteenth Century to the Present
Distinctions in geography, vegetation, access to water, and climate all affect how nomads use the land. These distinctions also make generalizations a bit difficult when we look more closely at widely divergent patterns of nomadic migration, the varied composition of herds, and the degree to which herders may or may not be connected to larger economic and marketing networks. Rather than homogenize significant 24 A History of Land Use in Mongolia variations, this chapter will explore the diversity of Mongolia’s natural world and the accommodations that humans have had to make to exist in oftentimes difficult circumstances.
By 2012, 15–20 percent of Mongolia’s livestock is expected to be registered; by 2015, 40 percent; and by 2021, 80 percent. ”47 Sustainability and modernization may prove complementary in Mongolia’s pastoral 42 A History of Land Use in Mongolia nomadic economy, if economists, politicians, and other Mongolian citizens accept the premise of pastoral nomadism’s historically proven adaptability and flexibility. The following chapter will seek to provide a historical background on Mongolia’s nomads, their conceptualization of rights over land, and their relationship with secular and religious authorities in determining land use from the thirteenth century to the early twentieth century.
Sands from the Gobi end up clouding the skies over Beijing in March and April, and contribute to respiratory problems. In summertime, the challenge is finding water, with annual precipitation averaging less than four inches. Shallow wells at only eight- to ten-feet deep historically have allowed for extensive grazing of herd animals in Gobi regions, although migrations from pasture to pasture were and continue to be of necessity more numerous in the Gobi than elsewhere in Mongolia. In postsocialist Mongolia, however, water availability and access have become critical issues.
A History of Land Use in Mongolia: The Thirteenth Century to the Present by Elizabeth Endicott