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New PDF release: A History of Chile, 1808-2002

By Simon Collier

ISBN-10: 0511231601

ISBN-13: 9780511231605

ISBN-10: 0521534844

ISBN-13: 9780521534840

ISBN-10: 0521827493

ISBN-13: 9780521827492

Delivering an outline of Chilean background for the overall reader in addition to the professional, this article employs fundamental and secondary fabrics to investigate the nation's political, fiscal, and social evolution from independence to 2002. not like different works, the amount examines extensive the newest occasions of Chile's background: the diversification of its financial system, unfold of democratic associations, development of public health and wellbeing, and emergence of a wealthy highbrow tradition. First version Hb (1996): 0-521-56075-6 First variation Pb (1996): 0-521-56827-7

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Extra info for A History of Chile, 1808-2002

Example text

The Church was active in education, such as it was, and ran the colony’s six hospitals. It was not, however, an important landowner. The one religious order that had ever owned land on any scale was conspicuous by its absence in 1800. As elsewhere in the Spanish empire, the Society of Jesus (present in Chile from 1593) had earlier built itself up as the most powerful order of all. The Jesuits had owned and worked over fifty estates, the only pharmacies in Chile, workshops turning out glassware, pottery and textiles, and even a small shipyard at the mouth of the Maule River.

The real problem with late-colonial trade, therefore, was not one of supply but of demand. The odious Spanish monopoly was much less to blame than the social structure of the colony. Given the general poverty, the domestic market was quickly saturated: the mercantile elite was thus anxious to restrict, not expand, the flow of trade. Unlike the new Viceroyalty of the River Plate, Chile was not well placed to take advantage of the Bourbon reforms. There was no great flow of trade through the colony, and, apart from wheat, no commodity that earned very much in the external market.

As elsewhere in the Spanish empire, the upper-class sense of family was also very notable. Many leading families were linked; some had very extensive ramifications. The most celebrated case, no doubt, is that of the Larra´ın clan, whose Basque founder arrived in Chile in the 1680s. ” The Larra´ıns (with their connections to other notable families such as Err´azuriz and ˜ were to appear and reappear on the political stage when indeVicuna) pendence came. An understanding of these family networks is inseparable from any appreciation of the course of Chilean history.

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A History of Chile, 1808-2002 by Simon Collier


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