By Blendi Kajsiu
Why did Albania take pleasure in essentially the most winning anti-corruption courses and associations in addition to what seemed to be growing to be degrees of corruption in the course of the interval 1998-2005? corruption via a post-structuralist discourse research viewpoint this ebook argues that the dominant corruption discourse in Albania served basically to institute the neoliberal order instead of do away with corruption. It did so in 4 interrelated methods. First, blaming each Albanian failure on corruption shunned a severe engagement with the present neoliberal developmental version. moment, the dominant articulation of corruption as abuse of public workplace for personal achieve consigned it to the general public region, remodeling neoliberal guidelines of privatisation and increasing markets into anticorruption measures. 3rd, foreign anticorruption campaigns reproduced an uneven courting of dependency among Albania and the overseas associations that monitored it by way of articulating corruption as inner to the Albanian . ultimately, opposed to corruption foreign and native actors may possibly articulate a neoliberal order that was once freed from inner contradictions and entirely suitable with democratization. As an extraordinary instance of post-structuralist discourse research of corruption this publication will be worthwhile for destiny study on discourses of corruption in different international locations of the area and past.
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Extra info for A Discourse Analysis of Corruption: Instituting Neoliberalism Against Corruption in Albania 1998-2005
64), in his influential book Political Order in Changing Societies, argued that corruption could facilitate participation in the political process for otherwise marginalized groups; Like machine politics or clientelistic politics in general, corruption provides immediate, specific, and concrete benefits to groups which might otherwise be Limitations of Corruption Analysis 15 thoroughly alienated from society. Corruption may thus be functional to the maintenance of a political system in the same way that reform is.
A public official, or a politician, given authority and discretion to carry out the government policy or the public interest can betray the interests of their principal in order to maximize their own. This is particularly true given the behavioural assumption of public officials and politicians as egoistic, rational, and utility-maximizing individuals. 75). Corruption was equal to the very opportunity of becoming corrupted. 22). As we can see from Klitgaard’s formula above, the principal–agent framework developed further the rent-seeking approach to corruption.
In a similar fashion Huntington’s argument that corruption had beneficial effects was built on the premise that bureaucracy was an impediment to economic development. 69). By arguing that corruption had beneficial effects Leff and Huntington were in fact arguing that the state was inferior to the market in terms of development. Thus, the focus on corruption served to push for a certain vision of society that was often concealed in the very effort to realize it. 188). The number of improper practices by politicians and public officials uncovered by the media began to grow in the developed Western countries.
A Discourse Analysis of Corruption: Instituting Neoliberalism Against Corruption in Albania 1998-2005 by Blendi Kajsiu