By Albrecht Hesse, Reto Neiger
The color guide offers with all facets of urolithiasis in canine, cats, rabbits and guinea pigs—from aetiology and pathogenesis to analysis, remedy and the prevention of sickness recurrence. The authors introduce the reader to remedy protocols constructed from their very own examine and event, and comprise overseas state of the art wisdom of the sickness. themes lined within the color guide contain epidemiology, dangers in better half animal husbandry, species-specific modifications, breed tendencies, genetic explanations, suitable anatomical issues, medical analysis, stone composition, scientific pathology and therapy protocols. the color instruction manual is a compact, broad ranging illustrated consultant to facing urinary stones in small animals, of price to veterinarians in education and perform.
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Extra info for A Colour Handbook of Urinary Stones in Small Animal Medicine
In I by )set ion xI', :. On lias nd. rral na. ng to of ess :lls m. - ergency treatment --=hough the ultimate aim of treatment is to -=ove the obstruction, the patient must first _ stabilized. zoraemia. :omain any potassium, and lactated Ringer's u tion, which achieves a better acid-base _;alance, have proven to be equally successful. ,-- animals show a marked increase in diuresis _ __er the removal of an obstruction, the amount ;'fluid administered must be suitably adapted - :his can be >8 mljkg/hr.
Hyperkalaemia is a result of reduced potassium excretion, but the release of potassium from cells also causes acidosis . As potassium is critical for maintaining the resting potential of cells, an increase initially leads to increased cellular excitability; in severe cases of hyperkalaemia, the resting potential is less negative than the action potential and the cells cannot repolarize after depolarization. Clinically, these effects are primarily seen in muscle tissue and the cardiac conduction system (bradycardia).
Calcium oxalate stones caused by hypercalcaemia or in connection with hyperadrenocorticism, or urate stones in animals with a portosystemic shunt; clinical signs are principally related to the primary disease. Complete obstruction of the urinary tract with urinary stones results in postrenal azotaemia, which worsens over time due to urinary stasis. As potassium is no longer excreted correctly, DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS Although urolithiasis is a very frequent cause of the aforementioned clinical signs , such as haematuria or dysuria, and various breeds are 24 Blackened penis of a tomcat shortly before amputation, following obstruction for several days with a urethral plug.
A Colour Handbook of Urinary Stones in Small Animal Medicine by Albrecht Hesse, Reto Neiger